The Real Springboard of Change

first_img The Real Springboard of Change AvatarDaily NKQuestions or comments about this article? Contact us at [email protected] By Daily NK – 2012.02.02 5:22pm Facebook Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR SHARE Analysis & Opinion Various predictions of change (or not) on the Korean Peninsula have been made since the death of Kim Jong Il late last year. There has been the idea that there could be an intentional provocation to generate systemic cohesion, or an accidental one resulting from a power struggle. Conversely, there has been the idea that Vice-Chairman Kim Jong Eun has successfully acceded to power, and that rather than a hardline policy he might opt for change through reform and opening. Thus, discussion of what might become of the North Korean system in South Korean society has suddenly turned to focus entirely on the success or failure of the succession. This is based on the logic of North Korea being unified, against a background of regime policy decisions and a system with stamina.But, there is another way to see things. It is necessary to remember that there exists both top-down and bottom-up change. There are many reasons why the North Korean system continues to exist, but strict controls over information and repressive ruling methods are among the main ones. One of the key factors in these social control mechanism is the ordinary people’s access to outside information and the distorted nature of that information which is permitted. Ideological strength and loyalty are achieved through deliberate ideological education and indoctrination. If the factors allowing for the existence of North Korea’s system are indeed provided by these harsh controls over access to information and ideological education, then if change can be affected in this area, then the system can also be changed. If strict controls and surveillance are coupled to indoctrination with the ruling elite’s ideas alone, then loyalty and solidarity will be strong and the system will have stamina; conversely, if the opposite is true then the system will be made slack and change can be brought about.From the point of view of systemic reinforcement and regime preservation, 2012 must without fail bring visible results that can bind the people in solidarity. To solve food supply problems, the regime has no choice but to focus on recovering the economy. The regime’s true dilemma is that while they have to show visible results in terms of securing the people’s livelihoods and the construction of a stronger state, they have no choice but to strengthen social controls if they want to strengthen the regime and achieve social cohesion.However, there is a difference between North Korea today and in previous eras in terms of political and ideological unity. As was written by the regime in the 2012 Joint Editorial, “Let’s fight to pull up the roots of inappropriate lifestyle tendencies and pulverize the imperialist cultural infiltration,” a statement which proved nothing other than that North Korean society is indeed some way away from the regime’s desired path.Now that official idolization efforts and brainwashing no longer work, the political loyalty and cohesion of the ‘jangmadang generation’ is low. These are people who lived their youths during the March of Tribulation, and they prioritize getting secure access to food. They both think anew due to information inflows and have found a way to live via the market. They are unprecedentedly tired of and resistant to the authorities’ controls, and are at the core of a society of passive resistance. Throught South Korean dramas and films they have obtained indirect experience of South Korea’s development, and if official repression and economic weakness continue indefinitely, then this experience can become a trigger for demands for systemic change.The exposure of the North Korean people to external information, in combination with other factors, can move the entirety of North Korean society. Bottom-up awareness changing factors should remain a core focus.center_img Tracking the “unidentified yellow substance” being dried out near the Yongbyon Nuclear Center Analysis & Opinion Pence Cartoon: “KOR-US Karaoke” Analysis & Opinion Analysis & Opinion Is Nuclear Peace with North Korea Possible? last_img read more

SK must see Chinese vessels near the NLL as security threat

first_img Analysis & Opinion Pence Cartoon: “KOR-US Karaoke” RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Analysis & Opinion Analysis & Opinion Analysis & Opinion AvatarChoi Song Min Tracking the “unidentified yellow substance” being dried out near the Yongbyon Nuclear Center center_img The waters off the coast of the West Seaencompass the de facto North-South maritime border referred to as the NorthernLimit Line [NLL]. Here, fresh water from the Han River meets ocean water,creating a natural estuary with fertile fishing grounds. With blue crab fishingseason in full swing, however, these waters become an area of increasingtension as South Korean fishermen face off against illegal Chinese fishingvessels. Conditions are said to have worsened thisyear. Chinese fishing companies, realizing that these waters have remainedrelatively untouched for almost seven decades, have been bringing their vesselsin droves. Although the area has a violent history of inter-Korean navalskirmishes, the Chinese fishing vessels seem determined to get their catchdespite the risks. Adding further fuel to the fire is thatNorth Korea appears to be exploring ways to use the tension to its ownadvantage. When Chinese fishing vessels are driven away by the South Koreannavy, their modus operandi is to immediately flee into North Korean waters. Inthe areas immediately flanking the NLL, Pyongyang appears content to take nofurther action against them. This situation may be used as a bargaining chipfor discussions on creating a peaceful inter-Korean fishing zone and laying theblame on Seoul for not having worked towards one sooner. The South Korean coast guard officerspursuing these Chinese vessels do so at serious risk to themselves, and are indanger of finding themselves drawn into a provocation preplanned by the North.The North’s General Bureau of Reconnaissance operates dozens of high-speedboats for military operations disguised as Chinese fishing vessels.These vessels have the same appearance ofsimple fishing boats, but are sufficiently armed to inflict heavy damage duringa potential skirmish. Onboard each clandestine vessel are dozens of specialoperations agents that are trained to carry out abductions at sea.Although these military vessels aretypically equipped with four high-speed engines, they normally only operate ona single engine (like a regular fishing boat) moving at approximately 18-20knots. However, once they shift into combat mode, the vessels can reach speedsof over 45 knots using all four engines. For confrontations, they possess multiplerocket launchers, autocannons, and anti-aircraft machine guns hidden on deckand in the galley. These weapons can be quickly operated at short notice. SouthKorean agents who under the belief that they are apprehending illegal Chinesefishermen are therefore at serious risk during potential boarding attempts. These North Korean vessels can positionthemselves in a fleet of Chinese boats and pretend to fish, only to launch asudden attack against South Korean patrol boats. Another potential tactic is tolure South Korean coast guards to board their vessel, which would make it verychallenging to prove accountability for their actions. It is also worth noting the currentpolitical climate on the Korean Peninsula. The North may use theseopportunities at sea to express its anger at Seoul for not budging on itsrequest for the talks that it has proposed, albeit with no sign of addressing thepreconditions for dialogue stipulated by South Korea. The South Korean authorities must thereforeconsider illegal Chinese fishing boats near the NLL to be a threat to nationalsecurity. Leniency and complacency may lead to dire consequences.  Facebook Twitter SHARE By Choi Song Min – 2016.06.22 2:31pm Is Nuclear Peace with North Korea Possible? SK must see Chinese vessels near the NLL as security threatlast_img read more

CSA unveils framework to manage electronic trading risks

Related news James Langton Keywords Electronic tradingCompanies Canadian Securities Administrators, Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada “Electronic trading risks arise from greater speed and automation in the Canadian market. This increases the potential impact of a trading error or a rapid series of errors, caused by a computer or human fault,” the notice says. The rule aims to address specific risks that may arise from electronic trading, including credit risk, market integrity risk, technology or systems risk, and regulatory arbitrage risk. The framework is designed to ensure that trading venues and dealers are actively monitoring and managing these risks, by maintaining certain policies, procedures and controls. However, requirements regarding the provision of direct electronic access, which were included in the CSA’s first proposal in this area, are not being included in the new rule. The CSA indicates that it has decided that other forms of marketplace access, such as order execution service accounts, or dealer-to-dealer routing, raise similar risks to direct access, and should be subject to similar requirements. Therefore, the CSA and the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) are developing a package of proposed rules to deal with these issues, which will be published in the coming months. The new rule concerning electronic trading is expected to take effect March 1, 2013, subject to ministerial approval. Provinces that belong to the passport system are also publishing amendments to permit the use of the passport system for certain aspects of the new electronic trading rule. And, IIROC is also publishing proposed amendments to the trading rules to conform to the new CSA rule. “Establishing the right regulatory framework to oversee and manage the risks of electronic trading is a priority for the CSA,” said Bill Rice, chair of the CSA and chair and CEO of the Alberta Securities Commission. “The regulatory obligations in this new rule provide better protection. The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada has issued a package of proposed rule changes to align market trading rules with the implementation of the CSA framework. “These proposed changes to IIROC rules complement the CSA’s establishment of a regulatory framework for the oversight and management of risks associated with the use of electronic trading on Canadian marketplaces,” said Susan Wolburgh Jenah, IIROC’s president and CEO. Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Canadian securities regulators are going ahead with rules to govern electronic trading, but provisions concerning direct market access are being put off for now. The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced Thursday that they are planning to adopt a new rule, which establishes a regulatory framework for electronic trading, and imposes requirements on dealers and markets designed to ensure that the risks associated with this sort of trading are well managed. The new rule details specific requirements for controls, policies and procedures relating to electronic trading. IIROC re-issues investor bulletin amid increase in DIY investor complaints GameStop saga makes Wall Street an issue for Biden team Getting ghosted by the markets read more

Resources, tech stocks lift TSX

first_img“The U.S. market is up, I would say, on positive earnings as well as easing of political concerns, specifically around the China trade war. Fears have been calming down, and we saw more signs today about them opening up their auto sector, which would be seen as a positive development.”Canadian markets have also seen gains as investors lean towards riskier assets, but haven’t seen the same boost from trade and earnings progress, said Jerusalim.“Different story in Canada. There is strength today in Canada and that’s coming specifically from the energy and technology sector. Again that’s a sign of risk on.”The S&P/TSX composite index closed up 52.92 points at 15,353.30 for a 0.35% gain.“It’s more modest in Canada, and that’s sort of been the trend we’ve seen all year,” said Jerusalim.In New York, the Nasdaq composite index ended up 124.82 points or 1.74% at 7,281.10 after big gains from tech stocks like Netflix. The S&P 500 index ended up 28.55 points or 1.07% at 2,706.39, while the Dow Jones industrial average closed up 213.59 points at 24,786.63.The Canadian dollar averaged US79.67¢, up 0.17 of a U.S. cent to continue fairly steady gains for the past month.Jerusalim said the consensus is that the Bank of Canada will keep rates steady in its announcement Wednesday, doing little to help the loonie. But easing tensions on NAFTA discussions and rising oil prices are helping.“There’s been an easing of the tense negotiations we saw earlier in the year, and that can be a slight positive,” he said.The dollar climbed on the same day Statistics Canada said manufacturing sales grew by 1.9% February, reversing two straight months of decreases.The federal agency said factory sales reached $55.8-billion for the month, boosted by the transportation equipment industry where sales were up 6.6% following assembly plant shutdowns in January.The day also saw the International Monetary Fund slightly downgrade expected growth for Canada, forecasting moderate growth of 2.1% this year compared with the 2.3% it said in January.Also readIMF trims Canadian economic growth outlookThe May crude contract closed up US30¢ at US$66.52 per barrel and the May natural gas contract was down a penny at US$2.74 per mmBTU.The June gold contract closed down US$1.20 to US$1,349.50 an ounce and the May copper contract ended down US2¢ at US$3.08 a pound. Resource and technology stocks helped boost Canada’s main stock index Tuesday, while U.S. markets were solidly higher.The rise in stock prices, especially in the U.S., came after another day of easing tensions on the trade front as well as strong earnings results so far, said Craig Jerusalim, portfolio manager at CIBC Global Asset Management. Ian Bickis Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Toronto stock market dips on weakness in the energy and financials sectors Share this article and your comments with peers on social mediacenter_img S&P/TSX composite hits highest close since March on strength of financials sector TSX gets lift from financials, U.S. markets rise to highest since March Related news Keywords Marketwatch last_img read more

Narromine to Narrabri Inland Rail Environmental Impact Statement out on exhibition

first_imgNarromine to Narrabri Inland Rail Environmental Impact Statement out on exhibition Local communities and stakeholders of the transformational Inland Rail project are invited to submit feedback on the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Narromine to Narrabri (N2N) section released today for public exhibition.Deputy Prime Minister and Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development Minister Michael McCormack said the release of the EIS for public exhibition marked a significant milestone in the Inland Rail project and would ensure community members can have their say.“The Narromine to Narrabri section is the longest stretch of new track that will connect the 1,700 kilometre Melbourne to Brisbane Inland Rail, transforming the way freight is moved across Australia,” Mr McCormack said.“This 306-kilometre section of new rail infrastructure is essential to deliver the fast, lower-cost and reliable Inland Rail freight Australia needs to meet the growing freight challenge and we must deliver it by listening to and respecting those people who call this land home.“I encourage the communities and businesses of Narromine, Curban, Coonamble, Gilgandra, Narrabri and all those in between to provide feedback on the EIS for the N2N section of Inland Rail.“Submissions made through this important regulatory approval process will help Federal and State environment departments to better understand the views of the community and inform their assessment of the project.”Mr McCormack said Inland Rail is essential to Australia’s economic recovery from COVID-19.“Inland Rail’s construction between Parkes and Narromine has already brought significant opportunities to regional New South Wales, delivering almost $110 million in local stimulus and providing work for more than 1800 people,” he said.Local member for Parkes and Minister for Regional Health, Regional Communications and Local Government Mark Coulton said that the EIS on public exhibition provided an important opportunity for community members to share input into the Narromine to Narrabri (N2N) section of Inland Rail.“The EIS will provide detailed information to the public about the project including the environmental, economic and social impacts of Inland Rail, and I urge community members to provide their extremely valuable input,” Minister Coulton said.“The EIS on exhibition is informed by detailed hydrology, land impact assessments and technical studies carried out by the ARTC and specialist consultants, and is the result of years of planning and community consultation.”Minister Coulton said he is pleased communities in the Parkes electorate can attend upcoming information sessions at Narrabri, Baradine, Coonamble, Curban, Gilgandra and Narromine, with an additional option to contribute via an online session.The New South Wales Department of Planning, Industry and Environment released the N2N EIS today (8 December) as part of the planning approval process.The public exhibition of the EIS will remain open for an extended period of eight weeks, until 7 February 2021. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:AusPol, Australia, Baradine, Brisbane, communications, Coonamble, Deputy Prime Minister, Federal, Gilgandra, Government, infrastructure, Local Government, Melbourne, Narrabri, Narromine, New South Wales, Parkes, Prime Minister, regional developmentlast_img read more

Roundtable event highlights McGowan Government’s investment in job creating research

first_imgRoundtable event highlights McGowan Government’s investment in job creating research Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs) are partnerships between government, industry and research institutions that fund research to support the growth of Australian industry Prior to the election of the McGowan Government, WA was missing out on this important research funding McGowan Government has invested $43 million in six WA-based CRCsScience Minister Dave Kelly has facilitated an inaugural roundtable discussion of key representatives from and partners of Western Australia’s Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs).Speaking at the CRC Roundtable event in Perth, Minister Kelly acknowledged the achievements and contributions to economic diversification to-date of WA-based CRC’s, and reiterated the McGowan Government’s commitment to promoting research-backed industry development and opportunities in the State.The Federal Government’s long standing CRC Program provides significant Commonwealth funding for partnerships between industry and the research sector. The CRC program supports industry-led research that improves the competitiveness, productivity and sustainability of Australian industries.Prior to the election of the McGowan Government in 2017, WA was home to just one CRC. Western Australian industry and research institutions were missing out on the benefits of this program.The McGowan Government has supported the establishment of five new CRCs in WA since March 2017.The McGowan Government’s substantial investment of more than $50 million in partnerships with CRCs homed or hubbed in WA, is a demonstration of this commitment, that has helped establish the State as a hub for collaborative research that is well placed to shape and create the jobs of the future for Western Australians.The six WA-based CRCs have leveraged $192 million in Australian Government grant funding.The CRC Roundtable, facilitated by the Minister in conjunction with the Department of Jobs, Tourism, Science and Innovation, brought together CEOs and key research program leaders from the WA-based CRCs, as well as industry partners and Vice Chancellors from Western Australian universities. The roundtable heard about the Future Battery Industries CRC plans to encourage a lithium battery precursor manufacturing industry in WA, with the CRC having already released a report into the economic feasibility and supply chain requirements for manufacturing in WA at industrial scale.Other WA-based CRCs at the roundtable highlighted their progress in creating technology to protect our local honey industry, new opportunities to export hydrogen, plans to better shutdown and rehabilitate old mine sites, the need to build the cyber security workforce and how cutting edge research is being used for smarter farming and foods.In addition to the $43 million to six WA-headquartered CRCs, the Western Australian Government has contributed another $8 million to a range of CRCs that have involvement from Western Australian industry, government and universities but are based elsewhere in Australia.The six WA-based CRCs are the Future Battery Industries CRC, MinEX CRC, Cyber Security CRC, CRC for Honey Bee Products, Future Energy Exports (FEnEx) CRC and CRC for Transformations in Mining Economies (TiME).The roundtable also included representatives of the Food Agility CRC, Future Food CRC and SmartSat CRC.An independent impact study in 2012 estimated the CRC program would generate a net economic benefit of $7.5 billion between 1991 and 2017.For more information about CRCs, visit the CRC Association website at https://crca.asn.au/As stated by Science Minister Dave Kelly:“WA is strong in industry-led research, with five new CRCs homed in WA since 2017, and a number of other major research programs led out of WA.“The McGowan Government’s $51 million investment in job creating research has been able to secure nearly $200 million of Federal Government funding.“The McGowan Government recognises the important role research plays in diversifying the economy and creating jobs, and the CRC research helps industry adapt, innovate and grow.“With their focus on industry-led research collaboration, CRCs can unlock opportunities for WA to strengthen the competitiveness, productivity and sustainability of the State’s key industries.” /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Australia, Australian, Australian Government, Australian industry, commonwealth, cyber security, demonstration, federal government, Government, innovation, Investment, Minister, sustainability, technology, WA, Western Australialast_img read more

Tasmania welcomes HMAS Sheean

first_imgTasmania welcomes HMAS Sheean Guy Barnett,Minister for Veterans’ AffairsOn behalf of all Tasmanians, I am delighted to welcome the Royal Australian Navy submarine HMAS Sheean and her crew to Tasmania.HMAS Sheean is named after Ordinary Seaman Edward ‘Teddy’ Sheean of Latrobe.Following a decades long campaign by the Sheean family and others, Teddy was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross last year for his actions onboard HMAS Armidale on 1 December 1942.He refused the chance to board a lifeboat and a chance of survival while his ship was sinking, returned to his Oerlikon gun, attracted enemy fire, damaged enemy aircraft and went down with the ship while defending his shipmates from enemy attack. He was just 18.Teddy’s Victoria Cross is the 101st awarded to an Australian, 15th to a Tasmanian and 1st for the Royal Australian Navy.It is an absolute honour to have the vessel named after this outstanding Tasmanian hero back in his home state.The motto of the HMAS Sheean is “Fight On”—a fitting reminder of Teddy’s extraordinary bravery and sacrifice. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:aircraft, Armidale, Attack, AusPol, Australia, Australian, campaign, crew, Family, fire, Government, Latrobe, Minister, navy, TAS, Tasmania, Tassie, veterans, Victorialast_img read more

CU Law Professor Is Named Nicholas Rosenbaum Professor

first_img Published: Aug. 14, 2002 Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail CU-Boulder law Professor Barbara Bintliff has been named a Nicholas Rosenbaum Professor of Law by law school Dean Harold Bruff. A ceremony to honor Bintliff will be held at the Fleming Law Building on Aug. 20 at 4 p.m. Bintliff has been director of the law library since 1989. A nationally prominent law librarian, she recently completed a term as president of the American Association of Law Libraries. She is a frequent presenter at national and regional conferences and teaches a course in advanced legal research. “I am very honored to be named a Nicholas Rosenbaum Professor of Law,” said Bintliff. “The faculty at the CU School of Law is exceptionally accomplished and unanimously dedicated to legal education. To be singled out for this honor, to be chosen from among the many deserving members of the law faculty, is humbling.” In commemoration of her named professorship a first edition of Timothy Walker’s “Introduction to American Law” will be added to the University of Colorado at Boulder’s rare book collection in her honor. Published in 1837, the book is one of the earliest guides to U.S. legal research. She joined the CU law faculty in 1984 and has been director of the law library since 1989. The Nicholas Rosenbaum professorships were endowed by a gift from the estate of Nicholas Rosenbaum, a Hungarian immigrant who was a businessman and banker in New York City from 1957 until his death in 1979. The endowment is used to augment faculty salaries to attract and retain outstanding legal scholars. Bintliff is the fifth professor at CU to hold the title since its inception in 1991.last_img read more

Digital Imaging And Technology Lectures Presented By CU-Boulder's ATLAS Series

first_img Published: Sept. 28, 2006 Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Two public programs on digital imaging and technology and their uses in surveillance and contemporary animation will be presented at the University of Colorado at Boulder on Friday, Oct. 6, as part of the ATLAS Speaker Series. David Burns, assistant professor of 3D animation at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, will present “Visit-US and the Virtual Panopticon” from 10 a.m. to 10:50 a.m. in room 199 of the Hellems Arts and Sciences Building. Burns will examine how agencies use digital technology to create virtual border controls and how technology and digital imaging can be used to persuade citizens and visitors to behave in certain ways. From 1:30 p.m. to 3 p.m. Burns will present “Contemporary Animation Media Arts Practice: Selected Work” in room 100 of the new ATLAS building. He will examine animation media practice, in addition to screening and discussing selected work. Both events are free and open to the public and will be followed by discussion. Burns’ talks are sponsored by the Alliance for Technology, Learning and Society, or ATLAS, the Program for Writing and Rhetoric and the Arts and Sciences Dean’s Fund for Excellence. The ATLAS Speaker Series is supported by a generous gift from ATLAS Institute Board member Idit Harel Caperton, CEO and founder of MaMaMedia Inc., and her daughter, Anat Harel, a 2003 CU graduate who was an ATLAS Technology, Arts and Media student. For more information on ATLAS go to the Web at www.colorado.edu/atlas. Directions to the building can be found at www.colorado.edu/atlas/building. For further information on the Oct. 6 lectures contact Anne Bliss of the Program for Writing and Rhetoric at (303) 492-4478 or [email protected]last_img read more

World’s melting glaciers making large contribution to sea rise

first_imgMelt from Alaska’s Columbia Glacier and other glaciers around the world contributed as much to global sea rise as the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets combined from 2003 and 2009. Photo courtesy Tad Pfeffer, University of Colorado Published: May 16, 2013 While 99 percent of Earth’s land ice is locked up in the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, the remaining ice in the world’s glaciers contributed just as much to sea rise as the two ice sheets combined from 2003 to 2009, says a new study led by Clark University and involving the University Colorado Boulder.The new research found that all glacial regions lost mass from 2003 to 2009, with the biggest ice losses occurring in Arctic Canada, Alaska, coastal Greenland, the southern Andes and the Himalayas. The glaciers outside of the Greenland and Antarctic sheets lost an average of roughly 260 billion metric tons of ice annually during the study period, causing the oceans to rise 0.03 inches, or about 0.7 millimeters per year.The study compared traditional ground measurements to satellite data from NASA’s Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite, or ICESat, and the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, or GRACE, missions to estimate ice loss for glaciers in all regions of the planet.“For the first time, we’ve been able to very precisely constrain how much these glaciers as a whole are contributing to sea rise,” said geography Assistant Professor Alex Gardner of Clark University in Worcester, Mass., lead study author. “These smaller ice bodies are currently losing about as much mass as the ice sheets.” A paper on the subject is being published in the May 17 issue of the journal Science.“Because the global glacier ice mass is relatively small in comparison with the huge ice sheets covering Greenland and Antarctica, people tend to not worry about it,” said CU-Boulder Professor Tad Pfeffer, a study co-author.  “But it’s like a little bucket with a huge hole in the bottom: it may not last for very long, just a century or two, but while there’s ice in those glaciers, it’s a major contributor to sea level rise,” said Pfeffer, a glaciologist at CU-Boulder’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine ResearchICESat, which ceased operations in 2009, measured glacier changes using laser altimetry, which bounces laser pulses off the ice surface to determine changes in the height of ice cover. The GRACE satellite system, still operational, detects variations in Earth’s gravity field resulting from changes in the planet’s mass distribution, including ice displacements.GRACE does not have a fine enough resolution and ICESat does not have sufficient sampling density to study small glaciers, but mass change estimates by the two satellite systems for large glaciated regions agree well, the scientists concluded.“Because the two satellite techniques, ICESat and GRACE, are subject to completely different types of errors, the fact that their results are in such good agreement gives us increased confidence in those results,” said CU-Boulder physics Professor John Wahr, a study co-author and fellow at the university’s Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences.Ground-based estimates of glacier mass changes include measurements along a line from a glacier’s summit to its edge, which are extrapolated over a glacier’s entire area.  Such measurements, while fairly accurate for individual glaciers, tend to cause scientists to overestimate ice loss when extrapolated over larger regions, including individual mountain ranges, according to the team.Current estimates predict if all the glaciers in the world were to melt, they would raise sea level by about two feet. In contrast, an entire Greenland ice sheet melt would raise sea levels by about 20 feet, while if Antarctica lost its ice cover, sea levels would rise nearly 200 feet.The study involved 16 researchers from 10 countries. In addition to Clark University and CU-Boulder, major research contributions came from the University of Michigan, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego, Trent University in Ontario, Canada, and the University of Alaska Fairbanks.Built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies in Boulder, NASA’s ICESat satellite was successfully operated from the CU-Boulder campus by a team made up primarily of undergraduates from its launch in 2003 to its demise in 2009 when the science payload failed. The students participated in the unusual decommissioning of a functioning satellite in 2010, bringing the craft into Earth re-entry to burn up. ICESat’s successor, ICESat-2, is slated for launch in 2016 by NASA.Contact: Tad Pfeffer, [email protected] John Wahr, [email protected] Jim Scott, CU-Boulder media relations, [email protected] “Because the global glacier ice mass is relatively small in comparison with the huge ice sheets covering Greenland and Antarctica, people tend to not worry about it,” said CU-Boulder Professor Tad Pfeffer, a study co-author. “But it’s like a little bucket with a huge hole in the bottom: it may not last for very long, just a century or two, but while there’s ice in those glaciers, it’s a major contributor to sea level rise,” said Pfeffer, a glaciologist at CU-Boulder’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Researchcenter_img Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Categories:AcademicsScience & TechnologyEducation & OutreachEnvironmentCampus CommunityNews Headlineslast_img read more