For the second month in a row, Pula Airport achieved a higher monthly turnover of 100.000 passengers

first_imgDuring August, the border of 100.000 passengers was once again broken in one month, and a total of 115.026 passengers passed through Pula Airport.This is the second month in a row that a higher monthly traffic of 100.000 passengers has been achieved in one month, after 116.334 passengers in July. During August, there was an increase in passenger traffic of 28%, compared to August 2015, when there was a traffic of 89.550 passengers. The total growth in the number of passengers in the first eight months of 2016 also increased, which now amounts to 25%, or a total of 349.633 passengers, which almost achieved the total passenger traffic in 2015. (amounted to 359.426 passengers).Analyzing passenger traffic by country, in the first eight months the highest growth was achieved: France + 92%, Ireland + 52%, Germany + 26%, Great Britain + 22%. Russia + 20% and the Netherlands + 10%.Due to excellent performance in the first eight months and announcements for the rest of the year, breaking the 400.000 passenger limit is expected in late September. “Although the traffic intensity increased by 25%, the quality of service and the professionalism of all our workers did not decrease at all. That is, this year, in the continuous research of the quality of service of airport staff, by Thomson Airways, we are again recognized as the best. ”They stand out next to Pula AirportsPula Airport received this flattering title as a result of a survey of Thomson Airways passengers during two peak months in a row, June and July, for the best airport experience in its category, which was awarded to Pula Airport for CSQ (Customer Satisfaction Questionnaire).last_img read more

Support the crowdfunding campaign for the first cafe in Croatia to employ people with Down syndrome – Buba Bar

first_imgToday, a crowdfunding campaign was launched on the Indiegogo platform, with the noble goal of opening the first cafe in Croatia that will employ people with Down syndrome – Buba Bar.She launched the campaign Bubamara Association from Vinkovci, which cares for over 1.400 people with disabilities in Vukovar-Srijem County, employs about 245 people, and has successfully applied for and implemented over 80 projects. Part of the funds for equipping Buba bar was provided by HEP, and part is planned to be provided through a campaign on the crowdfunding platform Indiegogo which began today. As of this morning, since the campaign was active, over 20 percent of the planned $ 10.000 has already been raised. But that is only the first goal and enough only for the minimum conditions to make Buba Bar functional. All financial resources that exceed the initial limit will also be intended for the additional arrangement of Buba Bar.Buba Bar will employ people with Down syndrome and it will be the first cafe in Croatia where guests are served by people with disabilities. Alen, Domagoj, Dario, Ivana and Marija have been diligently practicing and honing their skills for three months now in order to make their start as successful as possible. They are ready to express themselves and show their talents to everyone, and their excitement about starting work at Buba Bar is hard to put into words. “Our mission is to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities, and to encourage society to accept people with disabilities as its equal members. We want Buba Bar to break the ice, and soon every city in Croatia has its own Buba Bar! We want to give young people with disabilities the opportunity to live life like everyone else. We want them to be able to work. ” point out the Association Bubamara, which with its excellent results unofficially holds the title of the most successful association in Croatia, and is an excellent example of the development and operation of associations.Also, as part of this year’s Advent in Vinkovci, a temporary Buba bar has started operating in which guests are served by people with Down syndrome, and this is a real practice for a real Buba Bar, which I hope will open successfully thanks to the ongoing Indiegogo campaign. The potential of the Buba Bar cafe was also recognized by the City of Vinkovci, and the Bubamara Association was given an attractive space in the city center. size of 500 square meters which previously needs to be adapted precisely by means of a crowdfunding campaign. “We will invest the entire amount of collected donations in arranging and equipping the space that will be fully adapted for people with disabilities, and a pleasant environment will provide the wider local community with the opportunity for quality socializing and joint activities. ” They need $ 10.000 to get Buba Bar up and running as soon as possible. Join this great initiative and be a part of this great tourist story. “Help us create a place of equal opportunities for all – us on the other side, and you on the other side of the bar. ”They conclude from the Association Bubamara from Vinkovci.Like, share and most importantly its own by donation help the Ladybug Association in opening the first one a cafe in Croatia where top quality coffee will be served by people with Down syndromeDONATE HERE  BUBA BAR INDIEGOGO CAMPAIGNlast_img read more

Slovenia is the leader in the quality of service in the region, Croatia in third place

first_imgIn the period from February 24 to April 03, 2017, Heraklea, in collaboration with mystery shopping agencies in the region, conducted a survey for the ninth time in a row on the basic elements of service quality with the aim of finding the best in the region.In addition to Croatia, five other countries in the region participated in the survey, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia, Slovenia and Serbia. Mystery shoppers visited 800 different facilities, such as car dealerships, banks, gas stations, retail outlets, supermarkets, outlets of telecommunications companies, tourism and hospitality facilities and service industries.“We measured five basic elements of good, ie quality service, such as: greeting, determining the needs / wishes of customers, knowing the product, offering an additional product and thanking for the visit, according to the acronym of the English word GUEST (guest) for Greet, Understand, Explain, Suggest, Thank. Looking at the results by industry, we can conclude that the most prominent car dealerships with a result of 94,44%, recording an increase in service quality of 3,81 percentage points compared to last year. Supermarkets, as in previous years, stood out as the activity with the most areas for improvement with a result of 55,30%. ” points out Željka Bakmaz from the Herakle agency.The leading position in the quality of service in the region was again this year by Slovenia with a result of 79,03%, although it recorded a decrease of 2,42 percentage points compared to the previous year. According to this year’s results, Macedonia is in second place with a result of 77,01% and achieved a growth of 10,57 percentage points. Montenegro is in fourth place with a result of 73,47% and is better by 10,51 percentage points compared to the previous year. With a result of 73,40%, Serbia is very close to it, in fifth place, and achieved a growth of 5,27 percentage points compared to last year’s results. Bosnia and Herzegovina stood out with the highest area for improvement with a result of 59,06% and a decrease of 7,10 percentage points compared to last year, and it was the only one below the average for this year, which is 71,85%.Croatia took third placeCroatia ranked third in this year’s survey. In the category of greetings (92,91%) we achieved the best result, and the most areas for improvement in the category of offering additional products (42,18%). Looking at the results by activities, Croatia achieved a leading position in the category of car dealerships with a result of 100%, while in second place are service activities with 93,62%. These two categories are also the only ones that have achieved growth this year compared to the previous year. Motor shows grew by 5,56 percentage points, and service activities grew by 4,04 percentage points.The highest areas for improvement were recorded in supermarkets, which achieved a result of 59,81% and a decrease of 2,22 percentage points. Banks were in third place this year (80,95%) and recorded a decline of 1,40 percentage points compared to last year. Gas stations (79,22%) recorded the largest decline of as much as 12,78 percentage points, while tourism and catering (72,48%), retail (71,72%) and telecommunications (66,67%) recorded an average of 8 percentage points points fall in the quality of service compared to the previous year.Quality of service is one of the main competitive advantages and an important element of business improvement. Also, the quality of service affects the increase in sales, the image of the company, gaining new customers, reducing complaints and customer satisfaction that results in loyalty.“Quality is never a coincidence; it is the result of high goals, sincere endeavor, smart guidance and skillful implementation; it means a wise choice among many possibilities ”- William A. FosterIt is this thought that clearly shows that the improvement of the service is a continuous process in which we constantly need to invest in order for companies to achieve a competitive advantage, better results and satisfied and loyal customers. If we take into account that the basic elements of service quality have been measured, as well as personal and business etiquette, we can conclude that there is a lot of room for improvement, both in Croatia and in the countries of the region.Results of the Regional Services Survey – GUEST 2017 The product knowledge category achieved the best overall result of 92,26%, however, it recorded a decrease of 0,88 percentage points compared to the previous year. All countries achieved an equally good result above 90% in this category, except Bosnia and Herzegovina, which with a score of 87,07% recorded the highest areas for improvement.In the category of greetings, Macedonia is in first place with a score of 86,00%, while in last place is Bosnia and Herzegovina with a score of 59,00% and recorded a decrease of 14,24 percentage points compared to last year and the largest deviation from results of other countries in the region. The overall result in the greeting category is 79,29%, by which this category took a high second place. Since the greeting represents the first contact with the customer or guest, it is necessary to continuously improve the area, because there is still room for improvement.The category of gratitude for the visit with a total score of 75,28% recorded an increase of 6,53 percentage points compared to the previous year. For the fourth year in a row, Slovenia took the leading position in this category with a result of 94,95%. At the bottom of the scale is Macedonia with a score of 67,00%, although it recorded growth in this category of as much as 29,00 percentage points compared to the previous year. In Croatia, 74,00% of employees thanked for the visit.The category of determining the needs / wishes of customers achieved a result of 67,86% and here Montenegro stood out as the leading country with a result of 87,76%, while Bosnia and Herzegovina has the most areas for improvement here with a result of 58,39%.As in previous years, the worst ranked category is offering additional products with a score of 39,95%. In the first place in this category, Slovenia stood out with 52,53%. Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded the most areas for improvement, achieving a result of only 20,67%, which is a decrease of 1,4 percentage points compared to last year.First-ranked Slovenia achieved a leading position in the categories of offering an additional product and thanks for the visit / purchase, while second-ranked Macedonia is in first place in the category of greetings, but last in the category of thanks for buying. Montenegro, which is in fourth place, is the best in two categories, determining the wishes / needs of the customer and product knowledge. On the other hand, Bosnia and Herzegovina achieved the worst result in the categories of greeting, determining the wishes / needs of customers, knowing the product and offering an additional product.last_img read more

Say what? How the brain separates our ability to talk and write

first_imgPinterest Share Out loud, someone says, “The man is catching a fish.” The same person then takes pen to paper and writes, “The men is catches a fish.”Although the human ability to write evolved from our ability to speak, writing and talking are now such independent systems in the brain that someone who can’t write a grammatically correct sentence may be able say it aloud flawlessly, discovered a team led by Johns Hopkins University cognitive scientist Brenda Rapp.In a paper published this week in the journal Psychological Science, Rapp’s team found it’s possible to damage the speaking part of the brain but leave the writing part unaffected — and vice versa — even when dealing with morphemes, the tiniest meaningful components of the language system including suffixes like “er,” “ing” and “ed.” Share on Facebook LinkedIncenter_img Email Share on Twitter “Actually seeing people say one thing and — at the same time — write another is startling and surprising. We don’t expect that we would produce different words in speech and writing,” said Rapp, a professor in the Department of Cognitive Science in the university’s Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. “It’s as though there were two quasi-independent language systems in the brain.”The team wanted to understand how the brain organizes knowledge of written language — reading and spelling — since that there is a genetic blueprint for spoken language but not written. More specifically, they wanted to know if written language was dependent on spoken language in literate adults. If it was, then one would expect to see similar errors in speech and writing. If it wasn’t, one might see that people don’t necessarily write what they say.The team, which included Simon Fischer-Baum of Rice University and Michele Miozzo of Columbia University, both cognitive scientists, studied five stroke victims with aphasia, or difficulty communicating. Four of them had difficulties writing sentences with the proper suffixes, but had few problems speaking the same sentences. The last individual had the opposite problem — trouble with speaking but unaffected writing.The researchers showed the individuals pictures and asked them to describe the action. One person would say, “The boy is walking,” but write, “the boy is walked.” Or another would say, “Dave is eating an apple” and then write, “Dave is eats an apple.”The findings reveal that writing and speaking are supported by different parts of the brain — and not just in terms of motor control in the hand and mouth, but in the high-level aspects of word construction.“We found that the brain is not just a ‘dumb’ machine that knows about letters and their order, but that it is ‘smart’ and sophisticated and knows about word parts and how they fit together,” Rapp said. “When you damage the brain, you might damage certain morphemes but not others in writing but not speaking, or vice versa.”This understanding of how the adult brain differentiates word parts could help educators as they teach children to read and write, Rapp said. It could lead to better therapies for those suffering aphasia.last_img read more

New, rapid dementia screening tool rivals ‘gold standard’ clinical evaluations

first_imgShare on Facebook Share on Twitter Share Determining whether or not an individual has dementia and to what degree is a long and laborious process that can take an experienced professional such as a clinician about four to five hours to administer, interpret and score the test results. A leading neuroscientist at Florida Atlantic University has developed a way for a layperson to do this in three to five minutes with results that are comparable to the “gold standard” dementia tests used by clinicians today.The “Quick Dementia Rating System” (QDRS), which uses an evidence-based methodology, validly and reliably differentiates individuals with and without dementia. When dementia is present, it accurately stages the condition to determine if it is very mild, mild, moderate or severe. QDRS has applications for use in clinical practice, to pre-qualify patients in clinical trials, prevention studies, community surveys and biomarker research.James E. Galvin, M.D., M.P.H., is one of the most prominent neuroscientists in the country and a professor of clinical biomedical science in the Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine and a professor in the Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing at Florida Atlantic University, and the QDRS is his brainchild. He recently published an article on his findings in Alzheimer’s & Dementia, the journal of the Alzheimer’s Association. Galvin has developed a number of dementia screening tools including the AD8, a brief informant interview to translate research findings to community settings that is used worldwide to detect dementia in diverse populations. Emailcenter_img “After extensive testing and evaluation of the Quick Dementia Rating System, we have found it to be as effective as the gold standard used today to screen for the five stages of dementia,” said Galvin. “This new tool gives you a lot of power to see the same results as a full screening in a fraction of the time it takes for a complete screening.”The QDRS is a 10-item questionnaire that can be completed by a caregiver, friend or family member, and is brief enough to be printed on one page or viewed as a single screenshot, maximizing its clinical utility. Scores range from 0 to 30 with higher scores representing greater cognitive impairment. The questionnaire covers: 1) memory and recall; 2) orientation; 3) decision-making and problem-solving abilities; 4) activities outside the home; 5) function at home and hobbies; 6) toileting and personal hygiene; 7) behavior and personality changes; 8) language and communication abilities; 9) mood; and 10) attention and concentration.The total score is derived by summing up the 10 fields and each area has five possible answers increasing in severity of symptoms. The 10 areas capture the prominent symptoms of mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease, and non-Alzheimer’s neurocognitive disorders including Lewy Body Dementia, frontotemporal degeneration, vascular dementia, chronic traumatic encephalopathy and depression.A total of 267 individuals with various forms of dementia from Alzheimer’s disease to Lewy Body Dementia participated in the study, which included 32 healthy controls. Study participants also included their spouses/significant others, adult children, relatives, friends and paid caregivers who completed the QDRS.“Most patients never receive an evaluation by a neurologist, geriatric psychiatrist, or geriatrician skilled in dementia diagnoses and staging. Early detection will be important to enable future interventions at the earliest stages when they are likely to be most effective,” said Galvin. “The QDRS has the potential to provide a clearer, more accurate staging for those patients who are unable to see these more specialized clinicians and get them the treatment, referrals and community services they so desperately need.”The Quick Dementia Rating System is copyrighted and permission to use this tool is required. QDRS is available at no cost to clinicians, researchers and not-for-profit organizations.Galvin is working to improve clinical detection by combining biomarkers including high density EEG, functional and structural MRI, PET scans and CSF biomarkers to characterize and differentiate Lewy Body Dementia from healthy aging and other neurodegenerative diseases. He led efforts to develop a number of dementia screening tools in addition to the QDRS and AD8, and has done cross-cultural validation of dementia screening methods in comparison with Gold Standard clinical evaluations and biomarker assays. His team also developed sophisticated statistical models to explore transition points in clinical, cognitive, functional, behavioral and biological markers of disease in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. LinkedIn Pinterestlast_img read more

Mothers give more than they receive when family struck by major illness

first_imgThe study, published online in The Gerontologist, looked at two types of support – instrumental and expressive – between mothers and their adult children. Instrumental support can include help running errands or preparing meals, while expressive support is more comfort and encouragement.Researchers were surprised by the amount of support mothers were also providing to their healthy children. Since the child with a health condition received more help, they expected the healthy children would receive less, but that was not the case.“What is intriguing about the findings from this particular paper is that they show that even when mothers provide increased support to offspring with serious health problems, it does not reduce mothers’ support to her other children,” said Jill Suitor, professor of sociology at Purdue. “In fact, it appears that mothers just expand their provision of support overall.”Healthy children need to step upThe research shows children gave expressive, but less instrumental support to their mothers. The lack of instrumental support is significant because 56.8 percent of the mothers in the study reported needing help in the last two years because of an injury or illness. Gilligan says it’s important to recognize the impact an illness can have on a family.“When someone has a health condition or an illness, we think of it as a characteristic of the individual, but these findings show that it’s really a family affair. When an adult child has a serious health condition, it has implications for the mother and also for the siblings,” Gilligan said. “This is a time when their healthy children do need to provide more support or additional outside assistance.”The study used data collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study II, a project founded in 2001 by Suitor and Karl Pillemer, a professor of human development at Cornell, and funded by the National Institute on Aging. For this paper, researchers used data collected from 369 older mothers about their relationships and interactions with 1,338 of their adult children.Nearly half of the families in the study had at least one child with a serious health condition. The median age for mothers was 78 years old, and the median age for children was 49. Suitor says the findings are beneficial for practitioners who work with later-life families.“In particular, under circumstances in which mothers are providing high levels of assistance to children with health problems, it may be important for health care professionals to encourage healthy children in the family to provide their mothers with more help to reduce mothers’ high levels of care responsibilities,” Suitor said.Researchers controlled for proximity, marital status, education, deviant behaviors and employment to make sure these factors did not influence levels of support. Pinterest Share on Twitter Email Share on Facebookcenter_img LinkedIn Share Mothers are often the caregiver when a child is sick, and that motherly instinct doesn’t go away when the child is an adult. In fact, mothers provide more support to adult children with a serious health condition than to their other children, according to new research that will be presented at the American Sociological Association 2015 Annual Meeting.It’s a situation that can put older mothers in a vulnerable position, said Megan Gilligan, lead author and assistant professor of human development and family studies at Iowa State University. Gilligan and researchers from Purdue and Cornell universities found mothers of seriously ill adult children gave more support than they received.“These mothers are not receiving a lot of practical assistance, such as help around the house with chores or help when they’re sick or not feeling well,” Gilligan said. “These are mothers who are in their late 70s and early 80s, which is normatively a time when they stop giving their children as much support and they start receiving support from their children.”last_img read more

Study: Internet TV means more options, not viewing time — even for binge watchers

first_imgThe option of watching television online will not influence the amount of time a person spends viewing TV, but it does make the experience more pleasurable, according to a new study from The University of Texas at Dallas.“Some media reports predict that because people now have access to watch anything they want, anytime they want, they will spend more time watching TV,” said Dr. Stan Liebowitz, a managerial economics professor in the Naveen Jindal School of Management and one of the study’s authors.For their research, Liebowitz and Dr. Alejandro Zentner examined television consumption during the switch from broadcast TV to cable TV. Because data of current trends in Internet TV viewing won’t be available for another 10 to 15 years, the authors prognosticated what’s going to happen based on what’s happened in the past. Email Share on Facebook LinkedIn The study, recently published in the Journal of Cultural Economics, found that viewing time essentially stayed the same, regardless if the variety of available TV shows increased. Liebowitz said consumers have only 24 hours in a day, so giving them more variety does not mean they’re going to spend more time watching television.Although they’re not watching more TV, viewers are getting greater enjoyment from watching television via the Internet, according to the study.“Additional program choices imply that people will be more likely to find a television show that more closely matches their taste,” said Zentner, an associate professor of finance and managerial economics. “Because the Internet has brought about additional program choices, viewers get greater enjoyment.”Because the variety of programs doesn’t impact the amount of television consumption, the researchers determined that on-demand Internet streaming media companies should not expect to make additional revenues through increased viewing. Liebowitz said they should focus on subscription revenue — as Netflix has — rather than advertising revenue — as Hulu initially did.And what about binge watching, viewing multiple episodes of a TV show in rapid succession?“Our results imply that people who are consuming their TV in binges do not change the total time they spend watching TV,” Liebowitz said. “Instead, they’re just changing what content they’re watching.”Showing that increased variety does not change the amount of television consumption may provide strategic insights for other industries, said Liebowitz, an Ashbel Smith professor.Consumers have a large number of choices for many products, including movies, candy bars and cars. These industries might have the same trait as television — that more variety merely shifts consumption toward choices that better fit each consumer’s taste.Ultimately, the extra choice of watching TV online is positive for viewers.“Consumers are going to be better off as the option to watch TV via the Internet grows,” Liebowitz said. “If you have more choices, you’re going to be able to find a program that fits what you feel like watching.”center_img Share Share on Twitter Pinterestlast_img read more

Workaholism frequently co-occurs with ADHD, OCD, anxiety and depression

first_imgThe study showed that workaholics scored higher on all the psychiatric symptoms than non-workaholics. Among workaholics, the main findings were that:32.7 per cent met ADHD criteria (12.7 per cent among non-workaholics).25.6 per cent OCD criteria (8.7 per cent among non-workaholics).33.8 per cent met anxiety criteria (11.9 per cent among non-workaholics).8.9 per cent met depression criteria (2.6 per cent among non-workaholics).“Thus, taking work to the extreme may be a sign of deeper psychological or emotional issues. Whether this reflects overlapping genetic vulnerabilities, disorders leading to workaholism or, conversely, workaholism causing such disorders, remain uncertain,” says Schou Andreassen.The pioneering study, published in the open-access journal PLOS One, is co-authored by researchers from Nottingham Trent University and Yale University.Affects identification of disordersAccording to Schou Andreassen, the findings clearly highlight the importance of further investigating neurobiological deviations related to workaholic behaviour.“In wait for more research, physicians should not take for granted that a seemingly successful workaholic does not have ADHD-related or other clinical features. Their considerations affect both the identification and treatment of these disorders,” says Schou Andreassen.Seven diagnostic criteria for workaholismThe researchers used seven valid criteria when drawing the line between addictive and non-addictive behaviour.Experiences occurring over the past year are rated from 1 (never) to 5 (always):You think of how you can free up more time to work.You spend much more time working than initially intended.You work in order to reduce feelings of guilt, anxiety, helplessness or depression.You have been told by others to cut down on work without listening to them.You become stressed if you are prohibited from working.You deprioritize hobbies, leisure activities, and/or exercise because of your work.You work so much that it has negatively influenced your health.Scoring 4 (often) or 5 (always) on four or more criteria identify a workaholic.Accordingly, the Bergen Work Addiction Scale operationalizes workaholism by the same symptoms as traditional addictions: salience, mood modification, conflict, tolerance, withdrawal, relapse and problems.In line with previous research, 7.8 per cent of the current sample classified as workaholics, which is close to an estimate (8.3 per cent) found in a (and, to date, only) nationally representative study conducted by Dr. Andreassen and colleagues in 2014. Share on Twitter Email Researchers at the University of Bergen in Norway have examined the associations between workaholism and psychiatric disorders among 16,426 working adults.“Workaholics scored higher on all the psychiatric symptoms than non-workaholics,” says researcher and Clinical Psychologist Specialist Cecilie Schou Andreassen, at the Department of Psychosocial Science, at the University of Bergen (UiB), and visiting scholar at the UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior.Workaholics score higher on all clinical states Pinterestcenter_img LinkedIn Share Share on Facebooklast_img read more

General support for science doesn’t always correlate with attitudes toward specific issues

first_imgShare on Twitter Share LinkedIn Share on Facebook Emailcenter_img U.S. adults perform comparably to adults in other economically developed countries on most measures of science knowledge and support science in general, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. However, attitudes toward some specific issues, such as climate change or genetic engineering, may be shaped by factors such as values and beliefs rather than knowledge of the science alone. Despite popular assumptions, research shows that increasing science literacy will not lead to appreciably greater support for science.The committee that conducted the study and wrote the report said that science knowledge is only one component of science literacy, which also encompasses understanding scientific practices, such as forming and testing hypotheses, and understanding science as a social process, such as the role of peer review.“Historically, assessments of science literacy have focused on individuals, but we see now that communities can engage in science and produce scientific knowledge in a way that transcends any individual’s ability,” said committee chair Catherine Snow, Patricia Albjerg Graham Professor of Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. “Furthermore, the structural features of a society can impede or enhance individuals’ or communities’ development of science literacy.” Pinterest Communities can demonstrate science literacy by leveraging individuals’ diverse knowledge and skills to achieve specific goals, the report says. For example, AIDS activists in the late 1980s to early 1990s developed scientific knowledge to demand modifications to drug-testing procedures and drug-approval policies and worked together to successfully advocate for expediting the delivery of drugs to consumers in health emergencies. In addition, communities can meaningfully contribute to science knowledge through engagement in community action, often in collaboration with scientists. For instance, activists in a community may work together to detect and address links between environmental hazards and cancers.Individuals with limited economic resources and limited access to high-quality education have fewer opportunities to develop science literacy and health literacy, the report says. This lack of access disproportionately affects some demographic groups including Latinos and others who speak English as a second language, African-Americans, and children growing up in low-income families.Limited evidence shows that populations around the world have positive attitudes toward science and support public funding for scientific research, and these attitudes have been generally stable over time, the committee found. In addition, there is an overall high level of trust in scientists and in scientific institutions.The report presents a research agenda with questions about creating new measures of science literacy and expanding the information available to clarify: 1) the relationship between science knowledge and attitudes toward science; 2) how science literacy is used and measured in different contexts; 3) the relationship of science literacy to other literacy skills; and 4) the role of science literacy for citizens as decision-makers.last_img read more

Fish oil may help improve mood in depressed veterans

first_imgLinkedIn Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Email Sharecenter_img “We looked at how physical activity levels and performance measures were related to mood state and resiliency,” Kreider says. “What we found was the decrease in physical activity and the concentration of fish oil and Omega-3s in the blood were all associated with resiliency and mood.”Kreider says fish oil contains Omega-3 fatty acids that help to boost brain function. He says studies also show that fish oil acts as an anti-inflammatory within the body — helping athletes and soldiers manage intense training better. Fish oil content is especially important for soldiers due to the consistent training and physical regiments performed in and out of combat and risk to traumatic brain injury.The study originated from research conducted by Colonel Mike Lewis, M.D. who examined Omega-3 fatty acid levels of soldiers who committed suicide compared to non-suicide control and found lower Omega-3 levels in the blood were associated with increased risk of being in the suicide group.Barringer says he believes these findings to be significant toward addressing some of the issues many soldiers face.“The mental health of our service members is a serious concern and it is exciting to consider that appropriate diet and exercise might have a direct impact on improving resiliency,” Barringer notes.In order to properly measure soldiers physically, Kreider and Barringer developed a formula they say has the potential to assist in effectively screening soldiers with potential PTSD ahead of time. The formula measures a number of factors including: fitness and psychometric assessments, physical activity, and additional analysis.“By improving resiliency in service members, we can potentially decrease the risk of mental health issues,” Barringer says. “Early identification can potentially decrease the risk of negative outcomes for our active service members as well as our separated and retired military veterans.”“The military is using some of our exercise, nutrition, and performance-related work and the findings may help identify soldiers at risk for depression when they return from combat tours,” Kreider notes. He says that by working to identify such high-risk issues faced by soldiers, it can set a precedent that will benefit not only military leadership, but also the general public.“The public must realize that our soldiers need support before, during, and after their service,” Kreider explains. “There needs to be a time for soldiers to transition, become re-engaged within a community, and stay engaged in that community.”More information regarding fish oil and other exercise and nutrition-related research can be found at the Exercise & Sport Nutrition Lab’s website. Low concentration of fish oil in the blood and lack of physical activity may contribute to the high levels of depressed mood among soldiers returning from combat, according to researchers, including a Texas A&M University professor and his former doctoral student.In a study titled “Fatty Acid Blood Levels, Vitamin D Status, Physical Performance, Activity and Resiliency: A Novel Potential Screening Tool for Depressed Mood in Active Duty Soldiers,” researchers worked with 100 soldiers at Fort Hood to identify which factors affected moods in returning soldiers.The research was conducted by Major Nicholas Barringer when he was a Texas A&M doctoral student under the direction of Health & Kinesiology Professor and Department Head Richard Kreider, in collaboration with several current and former members of the U.S. Army, and colleagues at Texas A&M. Pinterestlast_img read more